The Adnyamathanha people, traditional owners of the Flinders Ranges, hold stories of how the ancient landscape was created. They have strong ties to their country and a deep understanding of the cultural significance of sites across the Flinders Ranges. The Adnyamathanha people have an intricate and spiritual connection to the land, plants and animals of the Flinders Ranges.
Nilpena Ediacara National Park is located on the traditional lands of the Adnyamathanha people. Traditionally, Nilpena Ediacara National Park is where important ceremonies and camping occurred alongside the local springs and ochre was traded from the Flinders Ranges with the Lake Eyre region for objects such as pituri (native tobacco), spinifex resin and stone and axe heads. Adnyamathanha people hold Yura Muda stories explaining the fossils in the rocks, demonstrating the rich cultural heritage requiring protection.
Today, evidence of ongoing occupation by traditional owners, including ash and charcoal middens, can be found across Nilpena Ediacara National Park. The South Australian Government is partnering with the Adnyamathanha people to ensure their cultural beliefs are represented appropriately and their cultural heritage is preserved. Management of Nilpena Ediacara National Park will be further enhanced by drawing on the traditional knowledge and experiences of the Adnyamathanha people. The Ikara-Flinders Ranges National Park Co-management Board will have an advisory role with respect to management.